Blicke in die Welt um 1900 – 1
European Ladies shopping in Hong Kong, China, 1901
Soufriere’s Mammoth Crater, Saint Vincent, B. W. I.
»For two years previous to 1812 the inhabitants of the West Indies and the coast of South America near by had been terrified by earthquake shocks. Suddenly March 26, 1812, the city of Caracas, Venezuela, was overwhelmed, and 10.000 people were buried in the ruins. A little later there was a terrible explosion in La Soufriere on the isle of S. Vincent which tore out a part of the island and sent clouds of dust and ashes over three miles high and darkened the sky completely for three days. The island of Barbados, 100 miles to the eastward, was covered inches deep with the fine black dust thrown out, showing that the dust was thrown up into the return currents above the steady trade winds which here blow constantly towards the west.
On May 7, 1902, another terrible explosion took place here the day before the destruction of St. Pierre on the French island of Martinique, half way between here and Guadeloupe. It was no fault of this terrible mountain that its victims were but 4.000 while Mount Pelee destroyed 30.000, for Soufriere devastated three times the area that was stricken at St. Pierre next day. Had they been within reach, a million would have perished. In six minutes the stream of hot mud and ashes flowed six miles, destroying animal and vegetable life in every direction.
St. Vincent is one of the chain of 500 islands which stretches from Florida to the mouths of the Orinoco River in South America, a distance of 800 miles. Most of these islands are only the tops of submarine mountains and volcanoes. The Caribbean Sea, of which these islands form the outer boundary, is sometimes referred to as the American Mediterranean.«
(auf der Rückseite der Stereokarte, Keystone View Company, nach 1902)
Earthquake destroying Messina, Reggio and Palmi, Italy
»The most appalling disaster in the history of Christian civilization occurred on the 28th of December, 1908 when an earthquake destroyed the three cities of Messina, Reggio and Palmi at 5:20 o’clock in the morning. In thirty-two seconds of time, it is estimated that 150.000 people perished.
The first symptom was a rumbling noise, like a peal of thunder, followed in a few seconds by a rough jolting movement. The shock increased in strength so that few were able to quit their dwellings before the heavy stone floors and staircases, parting from their lofty walls, crashed down, generally followed by the wall themselves. Not a house in Messina was left uninjured. The streets were filled with debris from which a great cloud of dust arose. A few seconds later a thirty-foot wall of water (tidal wave) rushed in from the harbor and flooded the lower parts of the towns. When the wave receded, it washed the ruined lighthouses, the fragments of buildings, and dead bodies into the sea. A little later fire broke out among the ruins. Details of the earthquake carry a burden of horror, and in the days following, plague and starvation prevailed among the survivors.
War vessels in the neighborhood sent relief parties ashore, and a world-wide appeal was issued for contributions. Relief came from all countries; naval vessels, soldiers, physicians, quicklime and food supplies were rushed to the stricken cities.«
(auf der Rückseite der Stereokarte, Keystone View Company, nach 1908)
An old dream realized at last, ship-canal through isthmus, E. S. E. Corinth, Greece
Ein stereoskopischer Ein-Blick in die Welt um 1900 … (wird fortgesetzt)
(alle Bildunterschriften und Texte sind den Vorder- bzw. Rückseiten der Stereokarten entnommen)
Private Collection / Private Sammlung
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- 14. Dezember 2009 / 13:01