Egypt – Vintage Stereoviews 5

A Dromedary Mother and Baby

An Egyptian sakieh or ox-driven bucket-pump raising water for irrigation

»We are standing on the banks of the Nile in a typical farming region of the lower river valley.

A small proportion of the Egyptian peasants are able to use another device for raising the Nile waters. This machine, known as a ’sakieh‘, is familiar to us, in a less primitive form, as the bucket- or chain-pump. A wheel which you see out yonder next to the river, as it revolves over the water, carries an endless band of palm rope, which hangs in a loop in the waters beneath the wheel. Distributed at intervals along this band are earthen jars, which, as the wheel revolves and the band moves, are carried down into the water, filled and continually raised to the top. You may see two of them now, just as they are turning over and discharging their contents into a trough concealed behind the masonry. A black, horned buffalo revolves a rude horizontal wheel which is geared with the axle of the band wheel, and, as the animal walks slowly around, the whole ponderous machine, with much creaking and groaning, is kept in operation, and a constant stream of water runs out into the network of trenches, which distribute the water throughout the fields. The driver is often a child of tender age, and often in this land of epidemic ophthalmia we find a blind boy seated on the beam revolving with the machine and driving the oxen.

How necessary such irrigation is you may infer from the parched condition of the soil before us, the clods of which are baked to the hardness of sun-dried brick«
(from ”Egypt Through the Stereoscope“ by James H. Breasted, Ph. D., with twenty patent maps and plans, Copyright by Underwood & Underwood)

(auf der Rückseite der Stereokarte, Underwood & Underwood)

The winnowing of the grain after threshing – field work of peasants, Egypt

»The place where we find this work going on is in the lower valley of the Nile … Here is the next step in the process of harvesting in Egypt. The mixture of broken straw, chaff and grain is tossed into the air by the laborer, and, as the heavier grain falls again to the threshing floor, the chaff and straw are carried away by the wind. How it brings up the symbols in the Old Testament! The wicked are like the chaff which the wind driveth away. It is a slow process as you see here requiring the tossing of the mixture over and over again; but, as you observe, there gradually gathers on the windward side of the heap (the right side here) a mass of fairly clean grain. Notice how the shadow of the palm falls across the brown grain heap, and, as the dust swirls off to leeward and the white garment of the winnover flutters in the breeze, the precious pile that means bread for the peasant and his little ones slowly grows, until his comrade, who sits waiting on the ground with the empty basket by his side, may fill it with the winnowed grain and carry it to the neighboring granary, built up of Nile mud in the peasant’s courtyard. Beyond, under the clustered palms, lie the patient camels so largely employed by these peasants in the labor of the field, and here and there are black buffalos … They give very rich milk; the cream from it is thick and of the same consistency as butter.«
(from ”Egypt Through the Stereoscope“ by James H. Breasted, Ph. D., with twenty patent maps and plans, Copyright by Underwood & Underwood)

(auf der Rückseite der Stereokarte, Underwood & Underwood)

Ninety-two foot obelisk still lying in quarry at the first cataract, Egypt

Ein stereoskopischer Ein-Blick in die Welt um 1900 … (wird fortgesetzt)

(alle Bildunterschriften und Texte sind den Vorder- bzw. Rückseiten der Stereokarten entnommen)

Private Collection / Private Sammlung

➢ antike Stereokarten & anaglyphe Bilder

➢ … ein Blick auf »Stereokarten«

➢ Ein »Weltspiegel« um 1900

Pfeil senkrecht nach oben

Abstand senkrecht 600 2

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