Blicke in die Welt um 1900 – 19
»For nearly eight hundred years the Moors held sway in Spain, but now a few broken monuments are all that is left to attest their former glory, the Alcazar at Seville, the Mosque at Cordoba, and that wonderful ruin, the Alhambra at Granada. This was the royal palace and a fortress as well, a Moslem pile in the midst of a Christian land; an oriental palace amidst the Gothic edifices of the West; an elegant memento of a brave, intelligent, and graceful people, who conquered and ruled and passed away.
„What must this Court have been when the interior walls of the portico were glistening with mosaics, the capitals of the columns gleaming with gold, the ceiling and vaults painted in a thousand colors, the door closed by silken curtains, the arches filled with flowers, and, under the little temples and in the room ran perfumed water, and from the nostrils of the lions burst a thousand sprays which fell back into the basin, and the air was fill of the most delicious perfumes of Arabia!“
The recovery of Granada from the Moors in 1492 sent a wave of exultation throughout Christendom, this gain in part compensating for the loss of Constantinople to the Turks. The Moors, routed from their last stronghold, passed into northern Africa and disappeared as a nation.
The Court of the Lions was the winter palace of the king, and the royal harem. This court was begun by Mohammed V. in 1377. The lions are not to be judged by their sculpture but for their heraldic significance. The palm-like marble pillars are of rare loveliness, and the whole scene is even yet a vision of the „Arabian Nights“ materialized.«
»Corsica is a large island in the Mediterranean, forming a department of France. It lies 106 miles southeast of the French coast at Nice, between the latter and Sardinia, and 54 miles west from the Italian coast. The island is 114 miles long and 52 miles wide. It is largely made up of forest-clad mountains from which it is well watered by many short rivers flowing to the sea.
Corte is a town in the central part of the island. In the 18th Century it was the center of the resistance to the power of Genoa and the seat of the government of Paoli, a Corsican patriot, from 1755-69. (Here, too, he founded a university.)
For centuries Corsica has been the field for constant petty wars. The Roman Empire, the Papacy, Pisa, Genoa, France and England have variously controlled it or intervened in struggles over its sovereignty, while for brief periods it has been more or less independent. In 1796 the Emperor Napoleon, himself a native of Corsica, sent an expedition against the British occupants, but they returned later and were not finally driven out 1815, since which time the history of the island has been that of France.
Agriculture suffers from scarcity of labor, lack of capital and the apathy of the population. There is some production of grapes, olives and citrons, tobacco, sheep, goats and raw silk. The forests of pine, beech, oak and chestnut are extensively exploited. The chestnuts are exported or ground into flour.
The people are simple, sober and unenterprising but exceedingly proud, courteous and hospitable. Among themselves the blood feud or vendetta between hostile families has not died out.«
arriving at Westminster Abbey, Coronation of Edward VII, 1902
Ein stereoskopischer Ein-Blick in die Welt um 1900 … (wird fortgesetzt)
(alle Bildunterschriften und Texte sind den Vorder- bzw. Rückseiten der Stereokarten entnommen)
Private Collection / Private Sammlung
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- 23. März 2012 / 08:56