Blicke in die Welt um 1900 – 20
»This rocky hillside looks barren to eyes accustomed to more genial landscapes, but the summer campers here consider it a smiling country. We are in about 62 degrees north latitude; the inner end of the Nordfjord is a few days’ journey over beyond that western horizon.
This tent is made of burlaps (coarse woven sacking) over a frame of saplings. Reindeer and other skins are laid around the edges, inside the tent, to keep the wind from blowing in. The queer shoes with turned-up toes are home made, of tough deerhide, but the material for the rest of the clothing has been obtained by trading furs or fish at some country store. The color of the men’s coats is blue, except for those bands of trimming which are red. The two children are dressed so nearly alike a stranger would have hard work to guess which is the son and which the daughter, unless he knows that Lapp boys have a big knob or tassel on their caps.
That shaggy dog is accustomed to carry passengers or heavy loads on a sledge over the snow like the dogs of the Greenland Eskimos. Reindeer also serve as beasts of burdon, but many of them are kept chiefly like cows for their milk, flesh and hides. This family offered the photographer the hospitalities of their tent where venison had been cooking in a pot over an open fire. The ground was strewn with birch boughs and the meat was laid on the carpet for carving with a knife such as the one the man holds now in his hand. The knife itself is home made, produced by long grinding of a scrap of waste iron or steel.«
»From Notes of Travel, No.33, Copyright 1900, by Underwood & Underwood«
»This milking scene is in one of the front dooryards of a Norwegian home near Odde. At night the herd is housed in a stable near by. They have been brought out for the morning milking – a process interesting to the tourist, and profitable to the peasant, for by it he derives much of his food and considerable revenue. Note the home-made wooden pail, and other evidences of primitive methods. The attitude of the young woman shows the customary position of holding the goat.
The milking once over, the goats seek their pasture on the rocky slope of the mountain behind the house, till the light shades of the Norwegian evening bring them again to their night’s retreat. Owing to the mountainous surface of the country and the scanty vegetation, goats are more easily raised than cows.
Norway has only 740 square miles of arable land, but one-seventieth as much as the state of Illinois. This cannot be spared for pasturage. Hence, nearly every Norwegian farm must have its seater, or mountain dairy, which may be many miles from the homestead. Late in the spring some of the family, usually the younger woman, start with the cattle and goats on the narrow, tortuous paths which lead up the mountain side to the little log hut with its mud floor, thatched roof, and coarse furnishings.
„The life up there in the vast solitude, with the snow-capped mountains in the distance, often with a mountain lake close by, with the cowbells, the baying of dogs, the sound of the mountain horns, and the hallooing of the girls – life up there with its peaceful work and the solemn stillness of the evening after the work is done – is the happiest a Norwegian peasant knows.“ – Björnson.«
Ein stereoskopischer Ein-Blick in die Welt um 1900 … (wird fortgesetzt)
(alle Bildunterschriften und Texte sind den Vorder- bzw. Rückseiten der Stereokarten entnommen)
Private Collection / Private Sammlung
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- 25. März 2012 / 13:44